Cyberspace Cooperation

The Global Cooperation in Cyberspace Initiative seeks to reduce conflict, crime and other disruptions in cyberspace and promote stability, innovation and inclusion.

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Politico Quotes EWI's Bruce McConnell on Cyber Attack on Sony

EWI's Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell spoke to Politico in regards to North Korea's recent cyber attack against Sony Pictures Entertainment.

In Politico's December 19 article, "What does a cyber counterattack look like?" Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell discusses possible responses, if any, to the attack.

"On diplomacy ... you can't do much more with public isolation, and you can't do much more with sanctions," said McConnell, now senior vice president at the EastWest Institute think tank. A response like the information campaign he described is attactive partly because "I dont' think the U.S. has a lot of options here," McConnell said.

For full article read here.


Bruce McConnell Speaks at Huawei Technologies' White Paper Release

EWI Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell highlighted key aspects of "Cyber Security Perspectives:100 requirements when considering end-to-end cyber security with your technology vendors," a white paper launched by Huawei Technologies in Berlin on December 3, alongside the EastWest Institute's Global Cooperation in Cyberspace Summit. 

This publication contributes to EWI’s ongoing work on "Increasing the global availability of secure ICT products and services," which was one of seven breakthrough groups to convene at the summit. 

The “Top 100” report fills an important gap in the cybersecurity literature available to public and private sector enterprises today," McConnell stated. "It give customers a powerful tool to communicate with their vendors their desire for more secure products and services."

Read the full white paper here.

Microsoft Launches White Paper on Global Cybersecurity Norms at Berlin Summit

Microsoft launched a white paper entitled "International Cybersecurity Norms: Reducing Conflict in an Internet-Dependent World," at a reception hosted by them during EWI's Global Cyberspace Cooperation Summit in Berlin on December 3. 

The white paper proposes six cybersecurity norms for states to adopt in order to limit conflict in cyberspace. The paper also includes a plan for an expanded role for the private sector in enforcing cybersecurity norms and an argument for the necessity of a multi-stakeholder approach.

This publication compliments the work of EWI's breakthrough group on "Promoting Measures of Restraint in Cyber Armaments," which was one of seven working groups to convene at the summit in Berlin. 

To read the full report, click here.

Paving the Way Forward to Breakthroughs in Cyber Cooperation

EWI’s summit marks progress and challenges in its third day. 

The EastWest Institute’s Global Cyberspace Cooperation Summit V began its third and final day with a series of special sections and Breakthrough Group observations, where global cyber experts and leaders highlighted the progress made and the many challenges that face the digital world.

In the special section “Transatlantic Partnership,” chaired by Matthias Muller von Blumencron, editor-in-chief, Digitial Products, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, panelists discussed the lack of international agreement on the rules and norms governing cyberspace, including state behavior in cyberspace. This section took place under the Chatham House Rule.

“The Internet is still not a regulated place. We are all asking what the guidelines should be,” said one participant. “We are all struggling with the tension between control and regulation on the one hand and free access on the other.”

Many agreed that governments are reactive rather than proactive in managing cyber issues, and that without bold leadership in this arena, little will change.

“What are the norms that we can all agree on in the political arena that will help the global community move forward?” another participant said. “We must remember that our common democracies and principles are our glue and can help us move forward.”

Attendees spoke of the need to find international definitions. “We must come to an agreement on what we mean by ‘privacy.’”

Despite the recent transatlantic tensions there are numerous possibilities for greater cooperation. “As democracies, we have much in common. Our notions of cyber crime, cyber war and cyber espionage are well defined,” a panelist said.

He added, “U.S. citizens are as interested in protecting privacy as German citizens. When U.S. citizens found out that their private data was compromised, they were just as upset.”

Many echoed the great need for good leadership in cybersecurity as well as a strategy for simplifying the complexity that is inherent in this field. It was noted that the private sector welcomes governments to propose a common risk evaluation framework. 

“We are seeing a level of complexity here that is becoming more and more difficult not only to understand but to explain," another participant emphasized. "Great leadership must also include the ability to explain these issues, so that not only nations understand the consequences, but that all citizens appreciate and comprehend what needs to be done in this ever-expanding dimension.” 

Following the special interest sections, Latha Reddy, EWI’s distinguished fellow and former deputy of national security of India, chaired the panel on Breakthrough Group findings. Representatives from all seven groups reported on the progress made over the summit.

Lt. General (ret.) Harry D. Raduege, chairman of Deloitte’s Center for Cyber Innovation and a member of EWI’s President’s Advisory Group, commented on the latest progress made on the “Strengthening Critical Infrastructure Resilience and Preparedness” group.

“We believe that we need to work better at seeing the interdependence of international security, national security and economic security,” said Raduege. “We need to rethink these silos. These functions can no longer afford to be evaluated independently.”

He added, “All of our vulnerabilities are increasing, and we must create safe harbors for cross border information sharing.”

At the conclusion of this session, Reddy made special mention of the recent passing of EWI’s founder and President John Edwin Mroz. “It was John’s deep belief that building trust and avoiding conflict in cyberspace was possible. We are all working toward that today and moving forward in his memory.”

The afternoon sessions included plenary sessions on “Young Cyber Leaders Respond.” Young cyber researchers are less alarmist and perhaps more optimistic in their response to cyber issues, said EWI Senior Fellow Franz Gady. "We do not operate under a Cold War paradigm mindset." 

State Secretary Markus Ederer Calls “Rules of the Road” Essential to Cybersecurity

EWI’s Fifth Cybersecurity Summit Holds Key Dialogues and Discussions on Day 2

Dr. Markus Ederer, state secretary of the Federal Foreign Office, opened the second day of the EastWest Institute’s Global Cyberspace Cooperation Summit V, held at the German Foreign Office Conference Center in Berlin.

Ederer stressed that “Rules of the Road” for cybersecurity must be developed and implemented so that the greatest number of opportunities can flourish, trust can be built and challenges can be met.

Likening the necessity of the Rules of the Road to traffic rules, Ederer pointed to the agreement of countries to drive on either the right or left side of the road. “If only a tiny portion of the population disobeys this, a great deal of harm can be inflicted, and this is compounded exponentially on the Internet.”

He added, “In order for us to live in a truly global village, we must agree on laws and regulations that keep all of us safe and protect all of our critical infrastructures.” Ederer asked that all participants work toward this goal, keeping in mind the delicate and difficult balance between freedom and security.

Following Ederer’s remarks, global cyber experts from both the private and public sector participated in several key plenary sessions. EWI’s Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell chaired the first panel, “Overview of International Cyberspace Cooperation.”

Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Coordinator for Cyber Affairs Fu Cong stressed China’s commitment to international cooperation in cyberspace. “China is committed to working together for cyberspace security.”

Fu stressed that some global cooperation already exists in the areas of Emergency Response and Law Enforcement, and that there are great opportunities for further cooperation in the areas of norm setting, cyber terrorism and capacity building.

Undersecretary, Legal Adviser, Cyber Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia Marina Kaljurand emphasized the fact that, “Cybercrime laws are useless if they are not internationally enforced.” The panel recognized Estonia as a leader in spreading cybersecurity awareness.

In that same panel, John Suffolk, senior vice president and global cyber security officer, at Huawei Technologies said, “Small steps can have a large impact in cyberspace, and so we must be bold and take action in this critical time.”

In the second plenary panel, “Exploring Surveillance, Privacy and Big Data,” a lively and honest discussion ensued regarding transatlantic friction over the use of government surveillance and the use of personal data.

Speaking of different levels of government scrutiny over intelligence services, Baroness Neville-Jones, UK’s former minister of Security and Counterterrorism, said, “You in Germany can put higher restrictions on your security services, but it will lower your level of security. And then you will rely on your allies to do the things that you don’t want to do yourselves.” Baroness Neville-Jones added that, “So we shouldn’t call each other names.”

Follow us on Twitter at #cybersummit2014.


For Ederer's full remarks, click here

EWI’s Cyber Summit Begins in Berlin

The EastWest Institute’s Global Cyberspace Cooperation Summit V opened to a packed room at the German Foreign Office Conference Center in Berlin with approximately 300 participants from 47 countries. 

Dr. Thomas de Maizière, federal minister of the interior of Germany, welcomed all attendants and stressed the importance of a shared Internet, where freedom, trust and security can thrive side by side. The summit was co-hosted by the German Foreign Office.

Maiziere spoke optimistically about the potential for a safe and secure Internet, similar to the rules and regulations, which apply in the non-digital world. “The Internet cannot be viewed as a separate entity. The same laws must apply in both the analog and digital world.”

He stressed that both governments and individuals must take responsibility for Internet safety, using bicycle security as a metaphor. “If an individual locks their bicycle, there’s a greater chance of it not being stolen. And the lock works in tandem with the patrolling police officer.”

He added that, “Trust is the new currency of the Internet, but the price hasn’t been set yet. All of us globally must work toward that, and this is why we are here.”

Ambassador Dr. Norbert Riedel, commissioner for International Cyber Policy, reminded participants that, “EWI continues to build on the successes of the four previous summits, and that through these convenings  governments, the private sector and civil society are moving closer to solutions.  

Bruce McConnell, EWI’s senior vice president and manager of the Cooperation in Cyberspace Program, which includes its Worldwide Cybersecurity Initiative, invited all attendees to continue their progress in the seven Breakthrough Groups.

“We are here to work toward making the Internet a vehicle for a safer, more peaceful, more secure, more open world, where the creative, human spirit can thrive. We are not there yet, as there are many challenges.” McConnell stressed that the real work can be seen in the Breakthrough Groups, which will continue over the next two days and will end with further recommendations for the months and years ahead.

The Breakthrough Groups are: “Exploring Surveillance, Privacy and Big Data,” “Strengthening Critical Infrastructure Resilience and Preparedness,” “Governing and Managing the Internet,” “Increasing the Global Availability of Secure ICT Products and Services,” “Modernizing International Procedures Against Cyber-Enabled Crimes,” “Promoting Measures of Restraint in Cyber Armaments” and  “Managing Policy Barriers that Limit Access to Information for Innovation and Education.”

Follow us on Twitter at #cybersummit2014.


Click here to read de Maizière's full keynote address.  

Greg Austin Speaks at RUSI on Cyberspace

EWI Professorial Fellow Dr. Greg Austin gave a lecture on China's military and espionage tactics and practices in cyberspace at the Royal United Services Institute in London. 



"The United States has been the main contributor to China's cyber power," Austin claims. "China would not be the cyber power it is today without massive contribution from the United States in investment and technology transfer."

Watch the video below:

For more info about the lecture, click here.

Exploring Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance

Internet governance is now an active topic of international discussion. Interest has been fueled by media attention to cyber crime, global surveillance, commercial espionage, cyber attacks and threats to critical national infrastructures. Many nations have decided that they need more control over Internet-based technologies and the policies that support them. Others, emphasizing the positive aspects of these technologies, argue that traditional systems of Internet governance, which they label “multi-stakeholder” and which they associate with the success of the Internet, must continue to prevail. In February 2015, EWI published the report “Exploring Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance.” This paper introduces multi-stakeholder Internet governance, examines its strengths and weaknesses and proposes steps to improve it.

Written by EWI Professorial Fellow and Brown University An Wang Professor of Computer Science John E. Savage and EWI Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell, the report supports the work of the initiative’s breakthrough group on Governing and Managing the Internet. EWI is now presenting the findings and recommendations to government officials and private sector stakeholders.

Click here to download


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