On January 11th, the EastWest Institute held a high-level meeting on “Asymmetries of Science and Power” in Brussels. Ambassadors from Africa, Asia, and Latin America gathered to share their views on the long-term impact of science and technology on global security. The importance of technology transfer, education, and the effects of health and poverty were among the key issues raised by the participants. This discussion, the first of a series of meetings in advance of EWI’s 5th Worldwide Security Conference (WSC5), underlined the correlation between scientific developments, power relations, and future security threats.