Cyberspace Cooperation

The Global Cooperation in Cyberspace Initiative seeks to reduce conflict, crime and other disruptions in cyberspace and promote stability, innovation and inclusion.

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Greg Austin Speaks with Asia News Weekly on U.S.-Japan Cybersecurity Agreements

In an interview with Asia News Weekly, EWI Professorial Fellow Greg Austin discusses U.S.-Japan cyber defense agreements.

In the interview with ANW's Steve Miller, Greg Austin notes that "Cyber operations and information warfare are a normal part of modern military planning." He suggests that all countries face cyber threats and that diplomatic alliances need to account for the changing climate of modern informational warfare.

(Greg Austin speaks with Steve Miller at 6:40)

To see the full interview published by Asia News Weekly, click here. 

Japan and the United States to Deepen Cybersecurity Cooperation

Senior Fellow at EWI, Franz-Stefan Gady discusses U.S.-Japan efforts to increase cooperation on cyber defense issues in The Diplomat.

Two days ago, the U.S.-Japan Cyber Defense Policy Working Group issued a joint statement pledging closer cooperation between the United States and Japan on cyber defense issues.

The working group, set up in October 2013,  notes the “growing level of sophistication among malicious cyber actors, including non-state and state-sponsored actors, who are increasingly willing to demonstrate their intent and ability to do harm against information systems, critical infrastructure and services upon which our people, economies, governments, and defense forces rely.”

Consequently, in the face of these ever-increasing threats emerging from cyberspace, Tokyo and Washington agreed to step up their joint cyber deterrence posture and  “take appropriate cooperative actions,” according to the released statement.

In its simplest form, any good deterrence strategy is built upon two principle factors: good defense and the threat of retaliation. In addition, attribution — tracing back an attack to a specific source — is paramount in cyberspace.

Once the perpetrator is identified, “the U.S. military may conduct cyber operations to counter an imminent or on-going attack against the U.S. homeland or U.S. interests in cyberspace,” according to the Pentagon’s new cyber strategy.

However, one of the most crucial aspects in implementing any cyber-deterrence strategy is to determine the precise nature of an attack against critical information infrastructure, in order to assess the appropriate response. This is only possible through well-established information sharing mechanisms.

It comes then as no surprise that the joint statement places a premium on U.S.-Japanese cyber threat data sharing: “The MOD and DOD, in cooperation with other relevant government agencies, are to explore how to improve cyber information sharing through various channels in a crisis environment, and work toward timely, routine, two-way information sharing and the development of common cyber threat indicators and warning.”

The working group’s joint statement supplements the new U.S.-Japan Defense Guidelines released in April, which also call for closer cooperation in cyberspace, particularly in the field of information sharing.

Additionally, the chief of U.S. Cyber Command recently reiterated that the United States will step up its active cyber defense postures in order to deter attacks on U.S. critical information infrastructure. Tokyo is also expected to follow suit. Japan’s Self-Defense Forces’ cyber defense unit currently has around 90 members, whereas the Pentagon fields up to 6,000 cyber warriors.

As I pointed out before, Japan continues to expand its network of partners across the world to find means to jointly combat cyber attacks. The year 2014 in particular saw an increased push by Japan to forge closer ties with like-minded countries in cyberspace.  For example, on the multilateral level, in November 2014, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe,  Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott, and President Barack Obama met in Brisbane, Australia, during the G20 Leaders’ Summit pledging their “their firm commitment to deepen the already strong security and defense cooperation,” especially in cyber capacity building.

To read the article at The Diplomat, click here.

John Savage Appointed to Rhode Island Cybersecurity Commission

John Savage, EWI Professorial Fellow and An Wang Professor of Computer Science at Brown University, has been appointed a founding member of Rhode Island's newly established Cybersecurity Commission. 

"We must be innovative and develop a clear strategy to prepare the public and private sector for the technological challenges of the 21st century," said Rhode Island Governor Raimondo after signing an executive order establishing the commision. "I am grateful to the members for offering their time and expertise to this important challenge," Raimondo added.


To read Brown University's press release, click here.

To read the official press release, click here.

Franz-Stefan Gady Speaks on "Cyber Policy and Security" at the Institute for China-American Studies

Franz-Stefan Gady, senior fellow at EWI, spoke on the "Cyber Policy and Security" Panel at the Institute for China-American Studies' inaugural conference on "China-US Cooperation for Global Security Challenges" in Washington, D.C.

Other speakers on the panel included David M. Finkelstein, vice president/director of China Studies at CNAS & Solution; Anthony M. Rutkowski, distinguished senior research fellow at Georgia Institute of Technology; Senior Colonel Ouyang Wei, director at Center for Mobilization Studies, PLA National Defense University; and David P. Fidler, visiting fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Gady's talk focused on strategic steps that the U.S. and China need to take to address their joint concerns about cyber-espionage and other cybersecurity issues. This would require concrete efforts by Washington and Beijing to engage in open dialogue to build trust and increase cooperation.

2014-2015 Cyberspace Action Agenda

The EastWest Institute’s Global Cooperation in Cyberspace Initiative has released its Action Agenda for 2014-2015. The Agenda highlights the initiative’s objectives—to reduce conflict, crime and other disruptions in cyberspace and to promote stability, innovation and inclusion. It marks the initiative’s accomplishments during 2014 and presents a road map for 2015.

“We are here to help make the Internet a vehicle for a safer, more peaceful, more secure, more open world—where the creative human spirit can thrive,” says EWI Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell. 

The Action Agenda summarizes the work of the initiative’s seven breakthrough groups essential to achieving its objectives. The report also features coverage of the initiative’s working roundtable held last June in San Francisco and its Global Cyberspace Cooperation Summit V held in Berlin last December. Global Cyberspace Cooperation Summit VI will be held in New York on September 9-10, 2015.

John Savage Discusses Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance

In an interview with, EWI Professorial Fellow John Savage discusses multi-stakeholder governance of cyberspace ahead of a presentation Savage gave at the American Association for the Advancement of Science on February 13

The concept of multi-stakeholder governance of the Internet was described by Savage and EWI Senior Vice President Bruce McConnell in a recent report "Exploring Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance."

Savage said that multi-stakeholder governance is necessary because "the Internet's capacity to empower individuals has caused a lot of governments to become alarmed. If they have the chance, many governments—potentially a majority of them—would prefer to limit the free flow of information and ideas." 

However, Savage maintained that the concept needs to be developed much further as multi-stakeholder governance remains "a fuzzy idea."


To read the full interview, click here.


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